Kyphoplasty is a compression fracture or a break in one of your vertebra that can be painful. It can also make it difficult for you to move freely. That’s because the break can result in bone fragments rubbing against each other.

Surgery can help treat such fractures. For example, kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty are minimally invasive procedures that are often performed together. Usually, they can be done without a hospital stay.

With vertebroplasty, the doctor will inject a cement mixture directly into the bone to give it strength.

Kyphoplasty makes room for the mixture. In this procedure, the doctor will insert and inflates a balloon that will create an opening for the mixture. The balloon is then be removed after the cement is injected. Kyphoplasty is sometimes referred to as balloon vertebroplasty.

Both of these procedures are more likely to be successful if they are done within two months of a fracture diagnosis. The result will help relieve your pain and improve your mobility when other measures fail to provide you relief.

Candidates for kyphoplasty or vertebroplasty

These procedures can be effective in treating people whose bones have been weakened by cancer or whose vertebrae has collapsed due to osteoporosis, a disease that causes loss of bone density.

Kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty can be used to mend recent fractures. However, they aren’t used as a preventive technique, even for osteoporosis. As well, they’re usually not advised for herniated disks, back arthritis, or curvature of the spine due to scoliosis.

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