Physical therapy, also referred to as physiotherapy is a rehabilitative approach aimed at remediation of impairments, promotion of mobility and function and the improvement of the quality of life. This profession involves exams, diagnosis, prognosis and the physical intervention which is the therapy involving mechanical force, physical agents, movements and adaptive devices. This procedure is handled by a physical therapist also known as physiotherapists. In addition to the clinical practices there are other activities such as education, consultation, research and administration in most cases; physical therapies are offered in conjunction with other medical services such as medications.
The body of knowledge of physical therapy is larger and different therapies are geared towards specific clinical fields. While there are many types of physical therapies, there are some that are more recognized by medical bodies than others. These include:
Clinical electrophysiology: This specialty encompasses physical or electrotherapy agents, and wound management
Cardiovascular and pulmonary physiotherapy: As the name suggests, this is a therapy aimed at the rehabilitation of cardiovascular and pulmonary elements. A good example of a therapy in this category is therapy offered after a coronary bypass surgery. The primary goals of the therapy are to increase endurance and independence in functionality. Manual therapy may be employed in the clearing of lung secretions which are characteristics of cyst fibrosis. This kind of therapy will benefit patients suffering from pulmonary fibrosis, chronic obstructive disease, post coronary bypass surgery, heart attack and pulmonary disorders.
Integumentary: Involves treatment conditions that are associated with skin and related organs. The common conditions that benefit from this therapy include wounds and burns. The therapist might use surgical interments, dressing, topical agents and mechanical lavage to debribe the involved necrotic tissues and enhance the healing process.
Geriatric: This type of therapy is focused on older people and targets conditions that affect older adults such as cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, osteoporosis, arthritis, balance disorders, hip replacement and incontinence among others.
Neurological: This is a therapy field focusing on working with individuals with neurological disorder or diseases.
Orthopedic: Orthopedic physical therapists manage disorders and injuries that are associated with the musculoskeletal system including the rehabilitation process after orthopedic surgery. The professionals in this area of specialty focus on post orthopedic procedures, acute sports injuries, strains, sprains, back and neck pain, arthritis, fractures, amputation, and spinal conditions.
Pediatric: Pediatric physical therapists assist in the detection of health problems are specialists in the diagnosis, treatment and management of adolescent and children.
Sports therapy: This is a therapy that is aimed at taking care of athletes including professional, semi-professionals and recreational participants. The involved processes are acute care, treatment, rehabilitation, prevention and education.
Physical therapy involves a wide range of technologies and techniques ranging from gentle thermal electrical stimulation of tissues in the body to motion exercises, postural education and guidance and resistive strength training. This is an effective method used in recuperation in many disorders and diseases. This is because a body that has been incapacitated by an ailment will need re-education to retain normal alignment and allow the individual to handle normal activities. There are many documented and undocumented therapies and anyone intending to use any should consult a qualified medical practitioner.