The intrathecal pump is the name given to a medical device used in the delivery of medications in to the space between the protective sheath and the spinal cord. This pump is used to deliver medication such as morphine, ziconotide, or baclofen which are used in the minimization of side effects connected to high dose used in intravenous or oral delivery of the drugs.
The application of the intrathecal pumps is on patients with spastic diplegia or other types of spasticity or people suffering from intolerable pain and cannot tolerate the side effects of the same dedication used orally. If the patient is responding negatively to the medication aimed at alleviating pain and symptoms when the medication is delivered orally or intravenously, then they are perfect candidates of the medication delivery through the intrathecal pump.
The pump consists of a pump made of metal and is used in the storage of the medication to be delivered and a catheter through which the medication is delivered to the targeted area. There are two types of pumps available for this procedure, a constant rate pump which will deliver the medication at a constant rate and a programmable pump which is programmed to deliver the medication in a computerized manner.
A surgical procedure is required for the implantable medical device and in this case, the surgeon will implant a temporal intrathecal pump which is used in the determination of the effectiveness of the medication. If the pump proves to have positive results in a temporal basis, a permanent intrathecal pump is implanted and this happens in cases where the patient shows an improvement of symptoms of at least 50%.
The aim of the intrathecal pump is to deliver medication that will interrupt the pain signals before they are transmitted to the brain. The delivery of intrathecal medication has been found to be effective in the treatment of pain in cases where other conservative treatments have been found to be ineffective. This type of therapy will offer anything from good to excellent pain relief and this will assist the patient in handling their daily life activities as normal. This procedure is one of the best alternative treatment methods and is highly recommended for cancer patients. It is also great for patients who are suffering from pain in the targeted area and cannot tolerate the side effects caused by medications delivers intravenously or orally.